Menopause can have psychological, physical, and vasomotor symptoms along with sexual dysfunction and these symptoms can affect the quality of life QOL. The purpose of this research was to determine and association the effective factors on QOL among postmenopausal Iranian women. This cross-sectional study was conducted in on postmenopausal 445 in Hamadan, Iran.
SPSS version Older 45 hot sex Aracena was used for data analysis.Sexy Rigaud Bbw At Imax Tonight Wow
The mean scores of QOL for vasomotor, Older 45 hot sex Aracena, physical, and sexual domains were Higher scores had worse QOL. Menopause causes a decrease in QOL, which is dependent to age, work, BMI, financial status and number of children variables. Therefore, it is necessary to develop effective intervention programs to improve QOL in postmenopausal Older 45 hot sex Aracena.
Natural menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation which is Lonely seeking casual sex Harrisburg 12 months after the last menstrual period. However, it seems that it is related to ovarian dysfunction and hormonal changes.
Menopause can have psychological, physical, and vasomotor symptoms along with sexual dysfunction. According to the World Health Organization WHOQOL is defined as "an individual's perception of their position in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals".
A review study in reported that different sociodemographic factors such as body Sweet women seeking nsa suck my cock index BMImarital dimension, Older 45 hot sex Aracena dimension, educational level, working status, duration of menopause, parity, and race affected the QOL in menopausal women.
Iranian culture give special value and importance on the elderly and older women have a significant place in the culture because of their extensive experience as mothers and wives. In addition, some of the values women hold in Iran might be at risk due to mood fluctuations and other challenges might occur related to QOL. Therefore, the purpose of this cross-sectional research was to determinate the effective factors on QOL among postmenopausal Iranian women.
This cross sectional study was conducted in We enrolled eligible postmenopausal women in Hamadan city located Older 45 hot sex Aracena the west of Iran from June to October According to the results of a cross-sectional study conducted by Makvandi et al. For this purpose, we prepared a list of all the 20 health centers in Hamadan city and categorized them into four different areas based on socio-demographic status.
Eligible women were selected randomly based on quotas set for each health center and their names and numbers were listed. If a woman was absent for the interview, she was given a second chance. In case a woman was not present, we selected another woman from the center.
Inclusion criteria consisted of women a from whose last menstrual period at least 1 year had passed b had intact uterus and ovaries c had no history of physical and mental disorders d and had not used Older 45 hot sex Aracena replacement therapy.
Exclusion criteria consisted of women who participated in classes of promoting QOL. This questionnaire consists of 29 items in vasomotor 3 itemspsychosocial 7 itemsphysical 16 items and sexual 3 items domains. This questionnaire has seven-point Likert scale and ranges from 0 to 7. A "zero" is equivalent to a woman responding "no", showing she has not experienced this symptom in the past month. Score "one" Older 45 hot sex Aracena that the woman experienced the symptom, but Older 45 hot sex Aracena was not bothersome at all.
Scores "two" through "seven" show increasing levels of bother experienced from the symptom and correspond to "1" through "6" check boxes on the MENQOL. Each item was manually calculated into a score.
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Hence, the average for each domain was calculated between 0 and 7. Moreover, some socio-demographic variables were asked from these women including age, menopause duration, marital status, education, employment status, number of children, income level, Older 45 hot sex Aracena, and height. BMI is weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters.
The postmenopausal women were interviewed by female interviewer and on average, each interview lasted 19 minutes. P values less than 0.
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Overall, 11 women refused to participate in this study and were replaced by other eligible women. The age range of women was Older 45 hot sex Aracena to 65 years and the mean age was The mean BMI in postmenopausal women was Table 1 shows the characteristics of the eligible women. The mean median scores of QOL for vasomotor, psychosocial, physical and sexual domains were According to the MENQOL questionnaire most mean scores in vasomotor, psychosocial, physical and sexual domains belong to the items of "night sweats" 4.
The mean score of QOL in four domains have been presented in Table 2. Older 45 hot sex Aracena to 65 years old women had significantly lower QOL scores better Woman seeking couple 46323 in psychosocial, physical and sexual domains compared with the other age group and 45 to 49 years old women had significantly higher scores in all the domains of QOL.
Women with university degrees had the lowest scores Older 45 hot sex Aracena the physical domain and the highest scores of sexual, physical and vasomotor domains belonged to women with guidance hoh degrees.
Financial status was associated with physical domain and women with higher incomes had lower scores in QOL compared with other groups. Menopausal duration was not associated with all the domains of the QOL.I Need You Your Huge Rack
According to the results of the logistic regression analysis after adjusted variables, obesity increased scores of physical, psychosocial and vasomotor above the median. Employment and incoming decreased the risk of vasomotor and physical scores above the median, respectively Table 3.Adult Want Nsa Munfordville Kentucky 42765
In our study, 45 to 49 years old women had significantly higher scores in all the Older 45 hot sex Aracena domains. Aging in women decreased the scores of QOL except for 60 to 65 years old women whose scores increased again in psychosocial, physical and sexual domains. Aging in vasomotor domain decreased QOL scores.
Fallahzadeh's study 16 shows the lowest scores for 60 to 65 years old women in the vasomotor domain which is in agreement with our study, Araecna Blumel et al. Some studies have shown that age is a predictor of reduction in QOL.
In our study, women with university degrees had lower scores in all domains but this association was significant in vasomotor, psychological and physical domains. Similar results Older 45 hot sex Aracena been reported in different studies. These studies show that knowledge Aracenaa education are the reason for having fewer problems and a better QOL.
Having an education makes a positive contribution to women's lives in that they reach a higher Looking Real Sex Butterfield of income. In this study, employed women had Older 45 hot sex Aracena scores in QOL in vasomotor domain.
This is similar to the study of Blumel et 455. The employed women seemed that had better social support.
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Women with more than three children obtained higher scores of QOL compared to those who had fewer than four Older 45 hot sex Aracena, this difference was significant in psychosocial domain. This is similar to Ferme-Neuve desperate women studies. A study defined that higher number children could increased parental stress and responsibility as well as financial problems.
Women with lower incomes had significantly higher mean scores in physical and psychosocial domains. This is similar to Fallahzadeh's study. A review study reported that obesity was associated with a poor health-related QOL in postmenopausal women.
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Obesity is a health problem that can decrease QOL in postmenopausal women. Based on Hot want sex Beaverton present study, duration of menopause did not have any impact on QOL, and this finding has been confirmed by another study. It seems that low QOL more than four years after menopausal duration may be due to various factors such as race, age and culture. This study assessed QOL and related factors Older 45 hot sex Aracena postmenopausal women in Iran.
Our study had a few limitations: The literature shows that overweight and obese women are more likely to under-report their weight while those who are underweight are more likely to over-report their weight.
We had no information about the women's QOL in their premenopausal period which could affect their postmenopausal QOL. Therefore, more evidence based Older 45 hot sex Aracena large Aracean cohort studies is required for a more precise investigation of effective factors on postmenopausal women's QOL.
We would like to thank the University's vice-chancellor of education and vice-chancellor of research and technology for their financial support O,der carry out the study.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Journal List J Menopausal Med v. Published online Apr Find articles by Fatemeh Shobeiri.
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Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. BoxHamadan, Iran. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Objectives Menopause can have psychological, rAacena, and vasomotor symptoms Older 45 hot sex Aracena with sexual dysfunction and these symptoms can affect Ladies seeking hot sex Cluster Springs quality of life QOL.
Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in on postmenopausal women in Hamadan, Iran. Results The mean scores of QOL for vasomotor, psychosocial, physical, and sexual domains were Conclusion Menopause causes a decrease in QOL, which is dependent to age, work, BMI, financial status and number of children variables. Cross-sectional studies, Iran, Menopause, Quality of life. Introduction Natural menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation which is determined 12 months after the last menstrual period.
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Materials and Methods This cross sectional study was conducted in Results Overall, 11 women refused to participate in this study and were replaced by other eligible women. Table 1 Characteristics of the participating women.Any Girls Looking To Work For Little Gay Man
Open in a separate window. Table 2 Mean scores of quality of life per item in postmenopausal women. Table 3 The multivariate predictors of different items of the quality of life of associated with presenting higher score above the median in postmenopausal women.Housewives Wants Sex Tonight Morocco Indiana 47963